Regain chewing and speaking function
Dentures Melbourne Victoria
A denture is a removable prosthesis used to replace missing teeth. It sits on the mucosa (full dentures) or teeth/mucosa for partial dentures. It can be made from acrylic or metal for better fit and function. A denture must be cleaned regularly in order to maintain good oral health.
Types of dentures
- Partial dentures: A partial denture is made to fill the space left by few missing teeth. To hold the partial denture in position clasps are used to secure the denture to nearby natural teeth.
- Full denture: A full denture is made when all the natural teeth are missing. It is fitted to replace the upper teeth, lower teeth or both.
- Immediate denture: This can be any type of denture and is inserted at the same appointment as the teeth are extracted. This is so the patient does not have to go without teeth.
- Over denture: This denture is fitted over either implants or natural teeth which have been root canal treated and then fitted with attachments that connect to the denture to hold it in place.
Dentures can be made out of acrylic or chrome. Your Carnegie Dental Group dentist will discuss the best options for you.
Our Denture process
Dentures are composed of artificial teeth bonded onto an acrylic or metal base.
Stage 1: Impressions
The first stage in making a denture is to take impressions of your existing dentition. This is done by inserting a tray containing a soft rubber-like material. This material will set in the mouth and when removed will show the exact position of your teeth and gums. The laboratory will then use this impression to construct the next stage in the denture making process.
Stage 2: Bite registration and shade selection
This stage is a wax registration, which is moulded to fit your gums and any existing teeth. Wax rims are softened and inserted into your mouth. The doctor will then ask you to bite down firmly into your normal biting position. The wax rims will register your bite and enable the laboratory to put the artificial teeth in the correct place. At this stage, a shade will be taken to determine the exact color of the new teeth, which will be matched to your existing dentition.
Stage 3: Try in
The try-in is a denture constructed of wax and contains the teeth that will be used in your finished denture. It is constructed in wax so it can be modified prior to completion. If the try-in fits well and you and your Carnegie Dental Group dentist is happy with it then the denture will be processed and ready to insert at your next appointment.
Final Stage: Insertion
On insertion of the new denture your dentist may need to make some minor adjustments to the biting surface (occlusion) or to the inside of the denture if it rubs on your gums. The denture will take some time to get used to and over the first few days or weeks you may experience:
- Sore gums
- The dentures may feel tight or uncomfortable
- The dentures may feel bulky
- Some people may experience gagging
- Increased amount of saliva
- Speech may be affected
All of these problems are temporary and can be relieved by your Carnegie Dental Group dentist. Although it may take time and multiple appointments to get the dentures fitting comfortably.
If you require immediate dentures then you may also require your denture to be relined. Relining is done approximately 6 months after the dentures are made and is required because the shape of your face and bones will change after teeth are extracted. When your gums and bones have fully receded the denture will no longer fit perfectly. You must then return to your dentist where a rubber-like impression material is placed inside the denture, and is inserted into your mouth where it will set. The impression is sent to the laboratory where the inside of your denture will be re-contoured to fit the new shape of your mouth. This process can usually be done in one day, which means you will be without your denture for only a few hours during the day.
Your denture will feel like new again which means you may require some adjustments to be made in order to fit comfortably.
How to clean your denture
- Hold your denture over a basin filled with water (This will avoid breakage if dropped)
- Gently scrub the dentures with a toothbrush or special denture brush and use warm water, mild soap or a denture-cleaning agent.
- You must also clean your gums to remove any debris or bacteria. This can be done with a wet face washer: simply rub the gums tissue where the denture normally sits.
Other tips for people with dentures
- Clean your dentures after each meal or at least twice a day.
- People with partial dentures should take extra care in cleaning their dentures as they risk losing teeth if dentures and remaining teeth are not properly cleaned.
- Do not use cleaning agents or brushes that are abrasive, as they will scratch your denture.
- Do not use hot or boiling water, as the dentures will warp.
- Do not use detergents, bleaches, methylated spirits or strong chemical of any kind.
Your Carnegie Dental Group dentist will advise you as to whether you should sleep with your dentures in. If it’s suggested you do not, then your dentures should be cleaned thoroughly and placed in either water or a special denture solution. Dentures should never be allowed to dry out as this can cause warpage.
Regular dental check-ups for denture wearers are especially important if you still have some remaining teeth. The dentures should be checked regularly to ensure they are fitted correctly. Sore gums, chips or breaks in the denture should also be attended to immediately. Over time your dentures will need to be remade due to normal wear