A denture is a removable prosthesis used to replace missing teeth. It sits on the mucosa (full dentures) or teeth/mucosa for partial dentures. It can be made from acrylic or metal for better fit and function. A denture must be cleaned regularly in order to maintain good oral health.
If you have extensive tooth loss a denture may be required to maintain normal chewing, biting (occlusion), speech and appearance. There are many types of dentures available. Your Carnegie Dental Group dentist will recommend the appropriate denture for you depending on the extent of your tooth loss.
Dentures can be made out of acrylic or chrome. Your Carnegie Dental Group dentist will discuss the best options for you.
Dentures are composed of artificial teeth bonded onto an acrylic or metal base.
The first stage in making a denture is to take impressions of your existing dentition. This is done by inserting a tray containing a soft rubber-like material. This material will set in the mouth and when removed will show the exact position of your teeth and gums. The laboratory will then use this impression to construct the next stage in the denture making process.
This stage is a wax registration, which is moulded to fit your gums and any existing teeth. Wax rims are softened and inserted into your mouth. The doctor will then ask you to bite down firmly into your normal biting position. The wax rims will register your bite and enable the laboratory to put the artificial teeth in the correct place. At this stage a shade will be taken to determine the exact colour of the new teeth, which will be matched to your existing dentition.
The try-in is a denture constructed of wax and contains the teeth that will be used in your finished denture. It is constructed in wax so it can be modified prior to completion. If the try-in fits well and you and your Carnegie Dental Group dentist is happy with it then the denture will be processed and ready to insert at your next appointment.
On insertion of the new denture your dentist may need to make some minor adjustments to the biting surface (occlusion) or to the inside of the denture if it rubs on your gums. The denture will take some time to get used to and over the first few days or weeks you may experience:
All of these problems are temporary and can be relieved by your Carnegie Dental Group dentist. Although it may take time and multiple appointments to get the dentures fitting comfortably.
If you require immediate dentures then you may also require your denture to be relined. Relining is done approximately 6 months after the dentures are made and is required because the shape of your face and bones will change after teeth are extracted. When your gums and bones have fully receded the denture will no longer fit perfectly. You must then return to your dentist where a rubber-like impression material is placed inside the denture, and is inserted into your mouth where it will set. The impression is sent to the laboratory where the inside of your denture will be re-contoured to fit the new shape of your mouth. This process can usually be done in one day, which means you will be without your denture for only a few hours during the day.
Your denture will feel like new again which means you may require some adjustments to be made in order to fit comfortably.
Other tips for people with dentures
Your Carnegie Dental Group dentist will advise you as to whether you should sleep with your dentures in. If it’s suggested you do not, then your dentures should be cleaned thoroughly and placed in either water or a special denture solution. Dentures should never be allowed to dry out as this can cause warpage.
Regular dental check-ups for denture wearers are especially important if you still have some remaining teeth. The dentures should be checked regularly to ensure they are fitted correctly. Sore gums, chips or breaks in the denture should also be attended to immediately. Over time your dentures will need to be remade due to normal wear
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